Gardenia Essential Oil

Please follow us on Telegram to be sure to receive our latest posts!

Gardenia Essential Oil
Gardenia Essential Oil – Uses And Benefits – image to repin / share
Background pic – Wikipedia – lic. under CC 3.0
Essential oil pic – (click here to buy)

Gardenia is a genus of flowering plants with 142 species. Originally native to tropical and subtropical regions, Gardenia is grown as an ornamental shrub or house plant, and is well known for its large white flowers and their appealing scent. Owing to their tropical origins, Gardenias like humid conditions. Some Gardenia species can grow up to 49 feet tall. [1]

Another essential oil fragrance that has for a long time been used in perfumery, the exotic, sweet scent of Gardenia has long been said to have aphrodisiac qualities. Gardenia flowers are sometimes used in bridal bouquets, and in many cultures are considered to have a “feminine” scent, however in some places they are traditionally worn as buttonhole flowers by men.

Gardenia essential oil is used in aromatherapy, and as a scent in lotions, candles and other products. As with Jasmine, Gardenia has a delicate scent that would be ruined by steam distillation; therefore the essential oil was traditionally produced by the labour-intensive process of enfleurage (see the Jasmine page for a description of this process) – and such oils (if you can find them) are still considered to be of high quality.

Gardenia essential oil is listed on aromatherapy websites as having a wide array of therapeutic qualities: It is considered to have calming, antidepressant / uplifting qualities, and be good for headaches or dizziness. [2] A few drops of gardenia added to a bath are thought to be beneficial for insomnia. [3]

Gardenia is considered useful in wound healing – in addition to being considered antibacterial, it has been reported hemostatic – able to assist stopping bleeding when applied (diluted). [3]

Gardenia jasminoides has been listed by the USDA Agricultural Research Service phytochemical and ethnobotanical database as being helpful with pain, nose bleeds, fever, and influenza; in healing wounds and reducing swelling; and in treating mastitis, hepatitis and the hematuria that accompanies bladder infection. [2]

One also often sees Gardenia Absolute; meaning that the oil was extracted by solvent extraction (typically hexane or cyclohexane). Absolutes were originally intended for use in perfumery, however, they are increasingly being used in aromatherapy despite concerns over residues of chemical solvents, and even over the addition of synthetic ingredients. [4]

As different species of Gardenia are sometimes used in the derivation of the essential oil, it is to be expected that the fragrance may vary somewhat. Gardenia jasminoides, Gardenia grandiflora, Gardenia taitensis or other Gardenia varieties may be observed in Gardenia essential oil on the marketplace.

Like many of the other fragrant essential oils made from flowers, the price of the genuine essential oil is high, and so synthetic imitations and adulterations abound. It’s said that true Gardenia, even as an absolute, is hard to find – although I have seen Gardenia for sale online which is stated to have been extracted via enfleurage using palm oil and cane sugar alcohol. [5] It’s important to ascertain whether a Gardenia essential oil is genuine, especially if it is intended for use in aromatherapy – and many products that claim to be Gardenia or Gardenia-scented, are not suitable for aromatherapy due to either adulteration or chemical solvent extraction.

As with other essential oils, the use of certified organic products is considered good practice, as pesticide residues have been known to taint non-organic essential oils. This has been said to be a serious safety issue although many of the effects remain unknown and difficult to ascertain. [6]

For the creative Gardenia grower: I found one interesting article on how to make Gardenia Essential Oil by enfleurage. [7]

Gardenia is listed in the AHPA’s “Herbs of Commerce”, p.81. [8]

Gardenia Essential Oil – Scientific Studies And Research

Turning to the world of science and medicine, we find that Gardenia has been the subject of some scientific investigation – and a search of Pubmed yielded 363 results from medical papers that included Gardenia.

Gardenia as sedative and anti-seizure:
Gardenia shows some interesting qualities and medical potential. A 2008 study from the Department of Pharmacology at Yan’an University, China, showed that Gardenia oil produced sedative, hypnotic and antiseizure effects in mice, and that these effects were increased by combining the oil with jujube (Zizyphus zizyphus) seed oil. [9]

Gardenia as anti-inflammatory:
Koo, Lim, Jung, and Park (2006) had investigated the anti-inflammatory activities of geniposide and genipin, the two main constituents of gardenia with promising anti-inflammatory action in carrageenan-induced rat paw edema. The two were identified and obtained from the ethanolic extract of gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides) fruits. [10] Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen flowering species recognized in Chinese medicine as a treatment for hepatic and inflammatory diseases. [11] In this study, the ethanolic extract of gardenia fruits dose-dependently inhibited acetic acid–induced vascular permeability. Both geniposide and genipin inhibited, on the other hand, the production of exudate and nitric oxide in the rat air pouch edema model, although it was concretely established that genipin has stronger anti-inflammatory activity than geniposide. Because of the two’s outstanding anti-inflammatory effect, geniposide and genipin may be considered as potential candidates in the treatment of several diseases related to causes of inflammation, such as jaundice, headache, edema, fever, and hepatic disorders. [10]

Gardenia vs. Interstitial Cystitis:
Gardenia, along with herbs Cornus, Curculigo, rhubarb, Psoralea, and Rehmannia, in tea given twice a day for 6 days a week for 3 months and then once a day was explored in a pilot study. Of the 25 patients with interstitial cystitis who completed the study, 82% had reported a significant decrease in bladder and pelvic pain after three months, and 80% had decreased frequency. [12] Such an herbal tea can be used to treat interstitial cystitis in patients who are referred for herbal therapy as a treatment alternative.

Gardenia as antibacterial:
Gardenia essential oil possesses promising bactericidal activity, especially against Campylobacter jejuni and Listeria monocytogenes. The bactericidal activity (BA50) values of gardenia essential oil against C. jejuni and L. monocytogenes
were reported to be ranging from 0.003 to 0.009 and from 0.057 to 0.092, respectively. [13]

Gardenia as antioxidant:
A number of research studies focus their investigations on antioxidants, chemicals that can inhibit the formation of, or at least neutralize, reactive molecules such as reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). An excess or overaccumulation of such reactive molecules results in oxidative stress and, by extension, several diseases associated with it. In connection with this, the study of Kalim, Bhattacharyya, Banerjee, and Chattopadhyay (2010) evidenced the antioxidant activity of Gardenia gummifera, one of the plants routinely employed in the Unani system of medicine. [14] Free radical scavenging is a defensive mechanism wherein a vitamin, mineral, or enzyme eliminates the free radicals in the body before they can cause significant cell damage. [15]

A variety of free radical scavengers have been identified and screened in gardenia fruit extracts. Of these free radical scavengers in gardenia fruit extract, caffeoylquinic acids, dicaffeoylquinic acids, and 4-sinapoyl-5-caffeoylquinic acid were recognized as dominant, with 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid being the most potent antioxidant with a Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) value of 1.1 mM. [16] Furthermore, geniposide from the fruits of G. jasminoides has also been shown to enhance the glutathione content in rat livers and to inhibit P450 3A monooxygenase. [11] Glutathione is an important immune system peptide and antioxidant that aids in determining the modulation of immune response, including cytokine production. It helps prevent the damage induced by ROS such as free radicals and peroxides to cellular components. [18]

Gardenia Essential Oil – Molecular Components and Chemistry

Gardenia essential oil contains a good amount of geniposide and genipin, its chief components. [10] It also contains crocin, [19] an antioxidant that suppresses the formation of peroxidized lipids and the oxidative stress in neurons. [20]
Novel terpenoids, namely, gardenate A; 2-hydroxyethyl gardenamide A; (1R,7R,8S,10R)-7,8,11-trihydroxyguai-4-en-3-one 8-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside; and jasminoside F, can also be isolated from gardenia. [19]

Is Gardenia An Aphrodisiac?

Gardenia is often described in modern times as one of the “aphrodisiac” essential oils – able to assist with libido problems for both women and men. It has a long history of use in perfumery – however I can find no historical mention of any aphrodisiac qualities ascribed to it either in Pubmed or in any written literature earlier than 1900 (Google Book search).

As with many of the other popular, fragrant essential oils, one does not have to look too far to see that many of them are regarded as aphrodisiac. A large number of web pages now cheerfully reproduce these claims without citing the sources of their information. In this regard, Gardenia fares similarly to others such as Jasmine.

One thing worthy of note is that the fruit of Gardenia grandiflora is used to obtain Crocin, a substance which also occurs significantly in Saffron, itself another purported aphrodisiac. [17]





[4] “Adulteration of Essential Oils, Part 1”


[6] “Adulteration of Essential Oils, Part 2”


[8] “Herbs of Commerce” (AHPA) (2000 edition) – Michael McGuffin, John T. Kartesz, Albert Y Leung, Arthur O. Tucker p.81


[10] Koo H. J., Lim K. H., Jung H. J., & Park E. H. (). Anti-inflammatory evaluation of gardenia extract, geniposide and genipin. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 103(3): 496–500. Retrieved 10 May 2013 from

[11] Kang J. J., Wang H. W., Liu T. Y., Chen Y. C., & Ueng T. H. (1997). Modulation of cytochrome P-450-dependent monooxygenases, glutathione and glutathione S-transferase in rat liver by geniposide from Gardenia jasminoides. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 35(10–11): 957–965. Retrieved 10 May 2013 from

[12] Authors. (1997). Chinese herb study completed. Interstitial Cystitis Association Update, 12:3. Retrieved 10 May 2013 from

[13] Friedman M., Henika P. R., & Mandrell R. E. (2002). Bactericidal activities of plant essential oils and some of their isolated constituents against Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella enterica. Journal of Food Protection, 65(10): 1545–1560. Retrieved 10 May 2013 from

[14] Kalim M. D., Bhattacharyya D., Banerjee A., & Chattopadhyay S. (2010). Oxidative DNA damage preventive activity and antioxidant potential of plants used in Unani system of medicine. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 10: 77. doi:
10.1186/1472-6882-10-77. Retrieved 10 May 2013 from

[15] Antioxidant. Wikipedia. Retrieved 10 May 2013 from

[16] He W. et al. (2010). On-line HPLC-ABTS screening and HPLC-DAD-MS/MS identification of free radical scavengers in Gardenia
(Gardenia jasminoides Ellis) fruit extracts. Food Chemistry, 123(2): 521–528. Retrieved 10 May 2013 from


[18] Glutathione. Wikipedia. Retrieved 10 May 2013 from

[19] Machida K. et al. (2000). Studies of the constituents of Gardenia species. II. Terpenoids from Gardeniae Fructus. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin (Tokyo), 48(5): 746–748. Retrieved 10 May 2013 from

[20] Ochiai T. et al. (2004). Crocin prevents the death of rat pheochromyctoma (PC-12) cells by its antioxidant effects stronger than those of alpha-tocopherol. Neuroscience Letters, 362(1): 61–64. Retrieved 10 May 2013 from

Take These 8 Nutrients 1 Hour Before Bed To Boost Deep Sleep And Metabolic Regeneration By 695%:

Do you ever have trouble "turning off your brain", or experience anxiety, poor sleep or high stress?

It's called Shallow Sleep Syndrome... and it affects a HUGE number of people in the modern age.

Also - have you gained weight - even though you are "doing what you always did"? *raises hand*

If you answered YES to any of these questions, you MUST watch this video:

dental care

Most people are unaware that your sleep and your weight are connected!

Science has proved without doubt that your body cannot function without adequate DEEP sleep.

Deep sleep facilitates Metabolic regeneration - which repairs tissues (including brain cells), rebuilds health and restores your ability to convert food to energy instead of fat.

Deep sleep also supports the production of Human Growth Hormone - which is considered the "fountain of youth" by anti-aging experts.

Without sufficient deep sleep, our natural production and growth of Human Growth Hormone is obliterated!

Your Metabolism is wrecked and you have dramatically increased risk of serious disease!

But it gets worse - lack of deep sleep also suppresses the hunger-regulating hormone Leptin, which results in runaway food cravings and the metabolic dysfunction responsible for "inexplicable" weight gain.

Learn The 8 Simple, Natural Nutrients To Take 1 Hour Before Bed To Boost Deep Sleep And Metabolic Regeneration By 695%

Our natural levels of deep sleep decline in our 30's and even more in our 40's, which leads to metabolic slowdown and consequently, increased signs of aging.

However a dangerous new problem has entered the arena.... technology.

The culprit?

The screen of your cell phone, tablet, laptop, computer and television!

In addition to the High Stress of our Modern Lifestyle, the blue light emitted by the screens of our electronic devices is Wreaking Absolute Havoc on our physiological ability to achieve the previous deep sleep that we need so badly! This also is scientifically established!

The blue light emitted by smartphones, TV, computer monitors, tablets, laptop and blue LEDs has a similar effect on our bodies as bright sunlight - messing up our circadian rhythms and confusing our bodies about whether we should be awake or asleep!

Blue Light KILLS Deep Sleep!

Blue light, especially in the evenings and night time, destroys our bodies ability to produce its natural deep sleep hormones!

Once these hormones are gone, so is the deep sleep responsible for the body's natural fat burning power.

Can you now see the simple link between our modern lifestyle and out of control weight gain so many are experiencing?

Fortunately - nature has the answer (as always)...

Follow This Link To Learn The 8 Simple, Natural Nutrients To Take 1 Hour Before Bed To Boost Deep Sleep And Metabolic Regeneration By 695%

Watch the video:

dental care

Do This 60-Second Dental Trick Before Going to Bed Tonight To Rebuild Your Teeth and Gums And Get Rid of Tooth Decay:

Do you wish you could have perfect, healthy, strong, sparkling teeth?

This amazing new solution to tooth decay doesn't involve putting more toxic fluoride, mercury or other nasties in your body... but rejuvenates your mouth using these all natural ingredients (amazing stuff and makes perfect sense when you see it!)

Watch the video now to learn all about it (click to watch):

natural gum health video

Most People Don't Have The Guts To Try This:

Lost Ways Of Survival Video

An amazing discovery in an abandoned house in Austin, Texas: A lost book of amazing survival knowledge, believed to have been long vanished to history, has been found in a dusty drawer in the house which belonged to a guy named Claude Davis.

Remember... back in those days, there was no electricity... no refrigerators... no law enforcement... and certainly no grocery store or supermarkets... Some of these exceptional skills are hundreds of years of old and they were learned the hard way by the early pioneers.

>> Click here to find out about them now

We've lost to history so much survival knowledge that we've become clueless compared to what our great grandfathers did or built on a daily basis to sustain their families.

Neighbors said that for the last couple of years Claude has tried to unearth and learn the forgotten ways of our great-grandparents and claimed to have found a secret of gargantuan proportions. A secret that he is about to reveal together with 3 old teachings that will change everything you think you know about preparedness:

>>> Click Here To Watch His Short Video <<<

List Of 100+ Amazing Forgotten Plants That Can Keep You Healthy During The Worst Of Times:

Did you know that the old native Americans used to say that there was a plant for every illness? Click here to learn about the amazing medicinal plants you probably have growing right in your backyard.

I Can't Help Showing This Off:

If you haven't heard of Claude Davis yet do yourself a huge favor and watch this video.

One of the smartest guys I ever had the pleasure of meeting, Claude set-up a unique prepping system that changed his life forever.

I already tried it myself and let me tell... you I was completely blown away... His surprising tactics could make your life easier and give you the peace of mind you deserve.

Don't just take my word for it... watch his short video and decide for yourself.

>>> Watch His Short Video <<<

The #1 Muscle That Eliminates Joint And Back Pain, Anxiety And Looking Fat

By Mike Westerdal CPT

Can you guess which muscle in your body is the #1 muscle that eliminates joint and back pain, anxiety and looking fat?

This is especially important if you spend a significant amount of time sitting every day (I do, and this really affects me in a big way!)

Working this "hidden survival muscle" that most people are simply not training because no-one ever taught them how will boost your body shape, energy levels, immune system, sexual function, strength and athletic performance when unlocked.

If this "hidden" most powerful primal muscle is healthy, we are healthy.

Is it...

a) Abs

b) Chest

c) Glutes

d) Hip Flexors

Take the quiz above and see if you got the correct answer!

P.S. Make sure you check out this page to get to know the 10 simple moves that will bring vitality back into your life:

==> Click here to discover which "hidden survival muscle" will help you boost your energy levels, immune system, sexual function, strength and athletic performance permanently!

Chef Peter Lost 60lbs With These Recipes:

Over the past year, our friends at PaleoHacks have been working on a secret cookbook with world-renowned Le Cordon Bleu chef Peter Servold.

Well, today this new incredible Paleo Cookbook is finally available to be shipped right to your door for FREE!

That's right - as a special launch promotion, we're offering our brand new Paleo fat loss cookbook to you for free (Chef Pete lost 60 lbs using these recipes!) - All you have to do is just cover a small shipping cost (international shipping is a bit more).

Get your FREE copy of Paleo Eats Here. (Grab this today, because we only ordered a small batch of these cookbooks for this freebie promotion, and they will sell out FAST!)

--> Get The Free Cookbook <--

Join Our Email List:

If you enjoyed this page:

No Comments

No comments yet.

RSS feed for comments on this post.

Leave a comment