Posts tagged: bee population

7 Different Species Of Bees

7 Different Species Of Bees
Graphic: © herbs-info.com. Image source – Pixabay (PD).

Did you know that the population of bees has decreased by nearly 90% in less than 3 decades? [1] Even more concerning, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service published a document in The Daily Journal of the United States Government listing 7 species of bees as endangered. [2] The species include Hylaeus mana, Hylaeus kuakea, Hylaeus hilaris, Hylaeus facilis, Hylaeus assimulans, Hylaeus longiceps, and Hylaeus anthracinus.

If you love coffee, avocados, strawberries and the balance of the ecosystem, such unfortunate developments should be a real source of concern. Why so? Read on to find out.

On the Verge of Extinction – Why You Must Care
As one of the greatest pollinators in the world, bees are critical to the structure of our ecosystem. The National Resources Defense Council (NRDC) notes that the extinction of bees would lead to the failure of 90% of wild plants and 30% of crops around the world. [3] Simply put, common plants such as berries, avocados, and millions of other plant species would become rare.

In an interview with CNN [4], Eric Lee-Mäder from the Xerces Society – a non-profit organization responsible for the petition to classify the bees as endangered – claimed that “Native pollinators in the US provide essential pollination services to agriculture which are valued at more than $9 billion annually.”

Take Action Now!
Although several factors contribute to the dwindling bee population, some common threats include climate change, pesticides, parasites, diseases, and loss of habitat. With the impending catastrophe from the loss of our bees, it’s about time we raise awareness. Protect bees – protect our flora! So, where do you stand?

Please note that this content should never be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinicians.

References:

[1] Greshko, M. 2017. First U.S. Bumblebee Officially Listed as Endangered https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2017/03/bumblebees-endangered-extinction-united-states/.

[2] Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Endangered Status for 49 Species From the Hawaiian Islands (2016) https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2016/09/30/2016-23112/endangered-and-threatened-wildlife-and-plants-endangered-status-for-49-species-from-the-hawaiian/.

[3] Bee deaths, pesticides, and a stalled regulatory system (2019) https://www.nrdc.org/sites/default/files/bees.pdf.

[4] Karimi, F. 2016. Bees placed on endangered species list — a first in the US https://edition.cnn.com/2016/10/01/us/hawaii-bee-species-endangered/.

France Becomes The First Country To Ban All Five Pesticides Linked To Bee Deaths

France Becomes The First Country To Ban All Five Pesticides Linked To Bee Deaths
Photo © shutterstock.com (under license)

In May 2018 the EU banned three of the significant pesticides implicated in the collapse of bee populations. Clothianidin, imidacloprid and thiamethoxam are now prohibited for use on crops.

However France has gone a step further and set the high bar in the effort to save the bees. Given the importance of pollinators to nature and the survival of the biosphere, this could not happen too soon!

Studies have reported that the neonicotinoid pesticides attack the central nervous system of insects, leading to loss of memory and homing skills, in addition to reduced fertility. Bees that cannot find their way back to the hive quickly die. However the pesticides have also been shown to affect butterflies, birds and other pollinating insects.

There is a reason why France is ahead of the field in this regard: The “bee killing” pesticides were tested first on French fields in the 1990’s – and the French farmers witnessed first-hand the catastrophic effects that occurred in 1994; describing “a carpet of dead bees”. 400,000 bee colonies died within days – yet the story was buried under a layer of corruption and distorted science.

Since that time, activists and manufacturers have battled to control the situation. We covered this story in full in a previous post: Overwhelming Evidence Linking Neonicotinoid Insecticides To Massive Die-off Of Bees And Songbirds

The new move is certain to be celebrated by ecologists and sets an example of protection of nature that the rest of the world needs to follow.

37 Million Bees Found Dead In Ontario, Canada After Large GMO Corn Field Was Planted

37 Million Bees Found Dead In OntarioImage – Morguefile.com

It’s time for this insanity to be stopped. Millions of bees dropped dead after GMO corn was planted few weeks ago in Ontario, Canada. The local bee keeper, Dave Schuit who produces honey in Elmwood lost about 37 million bees which are about 600 hives.

“Once the corn started to get planted our bees died by the millions,” Schuit said. While many bee keepers blame neonicotinoids, or “neonics.” for colony collapse of bees and many countries in EU have banned neonicotinoid class of pesticides, the US Department of Agriculture fails to ban insecticides known as neonicotinoids, manufactured by Bayer CropScience Inc.

Two of Bayer’s best-selling pesticides, Imidacloprid and Clothianidin, are known to get into pollen and nectar, and can damage beneficial insects such as bees. The marketing of these drugs also coincided with the occurrence of large-scale bee deaths in many European countries and the United States.

Nathan Carey another local farmer says that this spring he noticed that there were not enough bees on his farm and he believes that there is a strong correlation between the disappearance of bees and insecticide use.

In the past, many scientists have struggled to find the exact cause of the massive die-offs, a phenomenon they refer to as “colony collapse disorder” (CCD). In the United States, for seven consecutive years, honeybees are in terminal decline.

US scientists have found 121 different pesticides in samples of bees, wax and pollen, lending credence to the notion that pesticides are a key problem. “We believe that some subtle interactions between nutrition, pesticide exposure and other stressors are converging to kill colonies,” said Jeffery Pettis, of the ARS’s bee research laboratory.

The collapse in the global honeybee population is a major threat to crops. It is estimated that a third of everything we eat depends upon honeybee pollination, which means that bees contribute over 30 billion to the global economy.

A new study published in the Journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences revealed that neonicotinoid pesticides kill honeybees by damaging their immune system and making them unable to fight diseases and bacteria.

After reporting large losses of bees after exposure to Imidacloprid, it was banned for use on corn and sunflowers, despite protestations by Bayer. In another smart move, France also rejected Bayer’s application for Clothianidin, and other (sensible) countries, such as Italy, have banned certain neonicotinoids as well.

After record-breaking honeybee deaths in the UK, the European Union has banned multiple pesticides, including neonicotinoid pesticides.

The pesticide companies are only interested in profits. Their business is the business of killing and they will use any means within their power to ram their agenda through. Don’t listen to their lies. Original article source (reprinted with permission) – http://organichealth.co/37-million-bees-found-dead-in-ontario-canada-after-planting-large-gmo-corn-field/

Further reading: Canadian beekeepers are suing the makers of popular crop pesticides for more than $400 million in damages, alleging that their use is causing the deaths of bee colonies: http://www.thesleuthjournal.com/canadian-beekeepers-sue-bayer-syngenta-neonicotinoid-pesticides/

ps. In addition to NOT spraying pesticides (just don’t do it!), something simple you can do to help bees is to plant flowers that bees love. Here’s a list: Top 10 Plants To Encourage Bees To Your Garden