Lemon Balm Essential Oil

Please follow us on Telegram to be sure to receive our latest posts!

Lemon Balm Essential Oil
Lemon Balm Essential Oil – Uses And Benefits – image to repin / share
Background pic – Wikipedia – lic. under CC 3.0
Essential oil pic – amazon.com (click here to buy)

Lemon Balm Essential Oil – General Description

Lemon balm or balm mint (Melissa officinalis) is a perennial herb related to mint. The plant is very well known for its deeply wrinkled, lemon-scented leaves that range in color from dark green to yellowish green depending on the soil and climate. During spring and summer, clusters of small, light yellow or white flowers full of nectar grow from the point where the leaves meet the stem, attracting numerous bees in the vicinity and thus the genus name Melissa, the Greek word for honeybee. [1]

Lemon balm essential oil appears pale yellow with a watery viscosity and has a sweet, fresh, and citrusy aroma. It is yielded through steam distillation from the flowering tops, leaves, and steams of the herb and is usually codistilled with lemon or citronella
essential oil.

Lemon Balm Essential Oil – Uses and Reported Benefits

External application of lemon balm essential oil has been found to be helpful in the treatment of disorders associated with the gastrointestinal tract, nervous system, liver, and bile. [2] In aromatherapy, it also works exceptionally well in aiding those with issues of nervousness, insomnia, hysteria, and irritability due to its emotion-balancing, calming, and sedative effects and is indicated for bacterial and fungal infections, diarrhea, and eczema. [3] It relieves pain, especially from menstrual cramps, headache, and toothache, and diffusing lemon balm essential oil at night promotes a restful sleep, relieves stress, and eases tension. In European, African, Mediterranean, and Asian medicine, lemon balm has been traditionally utilized as a natural remedy for its calming, antispasmodic, carminative, diaphoretic, sedative/hypnotic, and cardiovascular-strengthening effects. [4]

Lemon Balm Essential Oil – Contraindications and Safety

Lemon balm essential oil is generally considered safe for typical aromatherapy use. However, it can cause sensitization and irritation and thus should always be used in low dilutions. Pregnant and nursing women are cautioned to seek physician’s advice prior to use.

Since lemon balm may cause drowsiness, patients are advised to stop lemon balm essential oil application at least two weeks before and after a scheduled surgery – and it is contraindicated with sedative medications such as clonazepam, lorazepam, and phenobarbital. [5]|

Lemon Balm Essential Oil – Scientific Studies And Research

Lemon Balm Essential Oil as anti-inflammatory: Using carrageenan and experimental trauma-induced hind paw edema in rat models, Bounihi, Hajjaj, Alnamer, Cherrah, and Zellou (2013) examined the anti-inflammatory activities of the essential oil extracted through hydrodistillation from the leaves of lemon balm. Lemon balm essential oil was orally administered at a dose of 200 and 400?mg/kg and exhibited reduction and inhibition of edema, which represents a component of inflammation, with 61.76% and 70.58%, respectively, in comparison to control and standard drug (indomethacin). [4]

Lemon Balm Essential Oil as free radical scavenger and antimicrobial:
Mimica-Dukic, Bozin, Sokovic, and Simin (2004) investigated the free radical scavenging capacity and lipid peroxidation activity of lemon balm essential oil as well as its antimicrobial effect against thirteen bacterial strains and six fungi. In this study, the lemon balm essential oil tested displayed very strong free radical scavenging capacity and inhibition of lipid peroxidation in a dose-dependent fashion, with the most effective antibacterial action observed against multiresistant strain of Shigella sonei and significant antifungal effect against Trichophyton species. [6] Hancianu et al. (2008) similarly determined the antimicrobial property of lemon balm essential oil and compared it with that of lavender essential, having identified citral (neral and geranial), citronellal, and trans-caryophyllene as the major constituents of lemon balm essential oil with antimicrobial activities. In this study, lemon balm essential oil demonstrated higher degree of antibacterial activity against Gram-positive strains than lavender essential oil. Both essential oils nonetheless were greatly inhibitory against Candida albicans. [7]

Lemon Balm Essential Oil as antioxidant: The study of de Sousa et al. (2004) reported also the antioxidant activity of lemon balm essential oil, as evidenced by the reduction in 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl, and—more importantly and interestingly—its antitumoral effect. The researchers determined through in vitro cytotoxicity assay the efficiency of lemon balm essential oil against a series of human cancer cell lines (A549, MCF-7, Caco-2, HL-60, K562) and a mouse cell line (B16F10). [8] Recently, in the study of Queiroz et al. (2014), lemon balm essential oil and its principal component, citral, displayed promising results as a potential aid in the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme, a cancerous primary brain tumor arising from astrocytes and by far the most common and most malignant type of glial tumor. Both lemon balm essential oil and citral reduced the viability of glioblastoma multiforme cells and induced apoptosis (programmed cell death) of the said tumor cells. Moreover, citral downregulated the activity of multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 and hindered its expression. [9]

Lemon Balm Essential Oil as anti-herpes agent: Allahverdiyev, Duran, Ozguven, and Koltas (2004) evaluated the effect of lemon balm essential oil on the replication process of herpes simplex virus type 2 in HEp-2 cells. Among the five volatile oil concentrations tested, namely, 25, 50, 100, 150, and 200 μg/ml, lemon balm essential oil was found to be slightly toxic to HEp-2 cells at concentrations over 100 μg/ml, with the replication of herpes simplex virus type 2 being inhibited. [10]

Schnitzler, Schuhmacher, Astani, and Reichling (2008) likewise examined the antiviral activity of lemon balm essential oil against herpes simplex viruses on monkey kidney cells using a plaque reduction assay. The findings indicate that at noncytotoxic concentrations of lemon balm essential oil, plaque formation significantly decreased by 98.8% and 97.2% for herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2, respectively, whereas at higher concentrations, viral infectivity was almost absolutely eliminated. Furthermore, it appears that lemon balm essential oil exerts a direct antiviral effect on herpes viruses and affects the viruses before adsorption into the host cell. [11]

Lemon Balm Essential Oil – Molecular Components and Chemistry

The chief volatile constituents of lemon balm essential oil, as analyzed through gas chromatography and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, include (E)-citral (37.2%), neral (23.9%), and citronellal (20.3%). [12] In the study of Basta, Tzakou, and Couladis (2005), the leaf essential oil derived from lemon balms grown in three Greek localities contained ß-pinene (6.4-18.2%), sabinene (6.9-17.4%), (E)-caryophyllene (7.2-15.3%), and caryophyllene oxide (12.6-24.4%) as key compounds. [13]


[1] Melissa officinalis. Wikipedia. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melissa_officinalis

[2] Vogl S. et al. (2013). Ethnopharmacological in vitro studies on Austria’s folk medicine-An unexplored lore in vitro anti-inflammatory activities of 71 Austrian traditional herbal drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 149(3): 750-771. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2013.06.007. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3791396/

[3] Melissa Pure Essential Oil 15 ml Lemon Balm – Helpful for Anxiety & Depression Aromatherapy Support. Amazon. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/Melissa-Pure-Essential-Lemon-Balm/dp/B007QFNUSG

[4] Bounihi A., Hajjaj G., Alnamer R., Cherrah Y., Zellou A. (2013). In vivo potential anti-inflammatory activity of Melissa officinalis L. essential oil. Advances in Pharmacological Sciences. 2013:101759. doi: 10.1155/2013/101759. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24381585

[5] Lemon balm. WebMD. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-437-lemon%20balm.aspx?activeingredientid=437&activeingredientname=

[6] Mimica-Dukic N., Bozin B., Sokovic M., Simin N. (2004). Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Melissa officinalis L. (Lamiaceae) essential oil. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 52(9): 2485-2489. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15113145

[7] Hancianu M. et al. (2008). Chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Melissa officinalis L. from Romania. Revista medico-chirurgicala a Societatii de Medici si Naturalisti din Iasi. 112(3): 843-847. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20201279

[8] de Sousa A. C. et al. (2004). Melissa officinalis L. essential oil: antitumoral and antioxidant activities. Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics. 56(5): 677-681. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15142347

[9] Queiroz R. M. et al. (2014). Apoptosis-inducing effects of Melissa officinalis L. essential oil in glioblastoma multiforme cells. Cancer Investigation. 32(6): 226-235. doi: 10.3109/07357907.2014.905587. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24745610

[10] Allahverdiyev A., Duran N., Ozguven M., Koltas S. (2004). Antiviral activity of the volatile oils of Melissa officinalis L. against Herpes simplex virus type-2. Phytomedicine. 11(7-8): 657-661. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15636181

[11] Schnitzler P., Schuhmacher A., Astani A., Reichling J. (2008). Melissa officinalis oil affects infectivity of enveloped herpesviruses. Phytomedicine. 15(9): 734-740. doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2008.04.018. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18693101

[12] Taherpour A. A., Maroofi H., Rafie Z., Larijani K. (2012). Chemical composition analysis of the essential oil of Melissa officinalis L. from Kurdistan, Iran by HS/SPME method and calculation of the biophysicochemical coefficients of the components. Natural Product Research. 26(2): 152-160. doi: 10.1080/14786419.2010.534733. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21809949

[13] Basta A., Tzakou O., Couladis M. (2005). Composition of the leaves essential oil of Melissa officinalis s. l. from Greece. Flavour and Fragrance Journal. 20: 642-644. doi: 10.1002/ffj.1518. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ffj.1518/abstract

Take These 8 Nutrients 1 Hour Before Bed To Boost Deep Sleep And Metabolic Regeneration By 695%:

Do you ever have trouble "turning off your brain", or experience anxiety, poor sleep or high stress?

It's called Shallow Sleep Syndrome... and it affects a HUGE number of people in the modern age.

Also - have you gained weight - even though you are "doing what you always did"? *raises hand*

If you answered YES to any of these questions, you MUST watch this video:

dental care

Most people are unaware that your sleep and your weight are connected!

Science has proved without doubt that your body cannot function without adequate DEEP sleep.

Deep sleep facilitates Metabolic regeneration - which repairs tissues (including brain cells), rebuilds health and restores your ability to convert food to energy instead of fat.

Deep sleep also supports the production of Human Growth Hormone - which is considered the "fountain of youth" by anti-aging experts.

Without sufficient deep sleep, our natural production and growth of Human Growth Hormone is obliterated!

Your Metabolism is wrecked and you have dramatically increased risk of serious disease!

But it gets worse - lack of deep sleep also suppresses the hunger-regulating hormone Leptin, which results in runaway food cravings and the metabolic dysfunction responsible for "inexplicable" weight gain.

Learn The 8 Simple, Natural Nutrients To Take 1 Hour Before Bed To Boost Deep Sleep And Metabolic Regeneration By 695%

Our natural levels of deep sleep decline in our 30's and even more in our 40's, which leads to metabolic slowdown and consequently, increased signs of aging.

However a dangerous new problem has entered the arena.... technology.

The culprit?

The screen of your cell phone, tablet, laptop, computer and television!

In addition to the High Stress of our Modern Lifestyle, the blue light emitted by the screens of our electronic devices is Wreaking Absolute Havoc on our physiological ability to achieve the previous deep sleep that we need so badly! This also is scientifically established!

The blue light emitted by smartphones, TV, computer monitors, tablets, laptop and blue LEDs has a similar effect on our bodies as bright sunlight - messing up our circadian rhythms and confusing our bodies about whether we should be awake or asleep!

Blue Light KILLS Deep Sleep!

Blue light, especially in the evenings and night time, destroys our bodies ability to produce its natural deep sleep hormones!

Once these hormones are gone, so is the deep sleep responsible for the body's natural fat burning power.

Can you now see the simple link between our modern lifestyle and out of control weight gain so many are experiencing?

Fortunately - nature has the answer (as always)...

Follow This Link To Learn The 8 Simple, Natural Nutrients To Take 1 Hour Before Bed To Boost Deep Sleep And Metabolic Regeneration By 695%

Watch the video:

dental care

Do This 60-Second Dental Trick Before Going to Bed Tonight To Rebuild Your Teeth and Gums And Get Rid of Tooth Decay:

Do you wish you could have perfect, healthy, strong, sparkling teeth?

This amazing new solution to tooth decay doesn't involve putting more toxic fluoride, mercury or other nasties in your body... but rejuvenates your mouth using these all natural ingredients (amazing stuff and makes perfect sense when you see it!)

Watch the video now to learn all about it (click to watch):

natural gum health video

Most People Don't Have The Guts To Try This:

Lost Ways Of Survival Video

An amazing discovery in an abandoned house in Austin, Texas: A lost book of amazing survival knowledge, believed to have been long vanished to history, has been found in a dusty drawer in the house which belonged to a guy named Claude Davis.

Remember... back in those days, there was no electricity... no refrigerators... no law enforcement... and certainly no grocery store or supermarkets... Some of these exceptional skills are hundreds of years of old and they were learned the hard way by the early pioneers.

>> Click here to find out about them now

We've lost to history so much survival knowledge that we've become clueless compared to what our great grandfathers did or built on a daily basis to sustain their families.

Neighbors said that for the last couple of years Claude has tried to unearth and learn the forgotten ways of our great-grandparents and claimed to have found a secret of gargantuan proportions. A secret that he is about to reveal together with 3 old teachings that will change everything you think you know about preparedness:

>>> Click Here To Watch His Short Video <<<

List Of 100+ Amazing Forgotten Plants That Can Keep You Healthy During The Worst Of Times:

Did you know that the old native Americans used to say that there was a plant for every illness? Click here to learn about the amazing medicinal plants you probably have growing right in your backyard.

I Can't Help Showing This Off:

If you haven't heard of Claude Davis yet do yourself a huge favor and watch this video.

One of the smartest guys I ever had the pleasure of meeting, Claude set-up a unique prepping system that changed his life forever.

I already tried it myself and let me tell... you I was completely blown away... His surprising tactics could make your life easier and give you the peace of mind you deserve.

Don't just take my word for it... watch his short video and decide for yourself.

>>> Watch His Short Video <<<

The #1 Muscle That Eliminates Joint And Back Pain, Anxiety And Looking Fat

By Mike Westerdal CPT

Can you guess which muscle in your body is the #1 muscle that eliminates joint and back pain, anxiety and looking fat?

This is especially important if you spend a significant amount of time sitting every day (I do, and this really affects me in a big way!)

Working this "hidden survival muscle" that most people are simply not training because no-one ever taught them how will boost your body shape, energy levels, immune system, sexual function, strength and athletic performance when unlocked.

If this "hidden" most powerful primal muscle is healthy, we are healthy.

Is it...

a) Abs

b) Chest

c) Glutes

d) Hip Flexors

Take the quiz above and see if you got the correct answer!

P.S. Make sure you check out this page to get to know the 10 simple moves that will bring vitality back into your life:

==> Click here to discover which "hidden survival muscle" will help you boost your energy levels, immune system, sexual function, strength and athletic performance permanently!

Chef Peter Lost 60lbs With These Recipes:

Over the past year, our friends at PaleoHacks have been working on a secret cookbook with world-renowned Le Cordon Bleu chef Peter Servold.

Well, today this new incredible Paleo Cookbook is finally available to be shipped right to your door for FREE!

That's right - as a special launch promotion, we're offering our brand new Paleo fat loss cookbook to you for free (Chef Pete lost 60 lbs using these recipes!) - All you have to do is just cover a small shipping cost (international shipping is a bit more).

Get your FREE copy of Paleo Eats Here. (Grab this today, because we only ordered a small batch of these cookbooks for this freebie promotion, and they will sell out FAST!)

--> Get The Free Cookbook <--

Join Our Email List:

If you enjoyed this page:

No Comments

No comments yet.

RSS feed for comments on this post.

Leave a comment