Posts tagged: anti-inflammatory

Four Anti-Inflammatory Spices

Four Anti-Inflammatory Spices
Four Anti-Inflammatory Spices. Graphic ©

Cloves: Cloves have antimicrobial, antiviral, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties. The key active ingredient present in cloves is eugenol, which hasantiviral, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. A study has found that cloves inhibit the production of many pro-inflammatory biomarkers, thus helping in infection and chronic inflammation. [1] The study also showed the anti-inflammatory activity of eugenol in human fibroblast and pulp cells.

Turmeric: Turmeric is a spice belonging to the ginger family, that has been used in traditional Indian medicine to treat anorexia, cough, diabetic wounds, arthritis and much more. Turmeric paste is a popular home remedy to treat inflammation and wounds. The anti-inflammatory properties of turmeric are due to curcumin, the active ingredient found in turmeric. A review of multiple studies has found that curcumin has anti-inflammatory properties and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma has been associated with curcumin’s anti-inflammatory effects. [2]

Ginger: Ginger contains anti-inflammatory compounds gingerol, shogaol, and zingerone, that function in the same way as anti-inflammatory drugs such as COX-2 inhibitors/NSAIDs. These compounds inhibit the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the body, thus stopping the inflammation process. A study has found the effectiveness of ginger in the treatment and prevention of allergic reactions [3], thus could be a good remedy for allergic diseases.

Rosemary: Rosemary leaves are used to flavor food and as a folk medicine as antispasmodic, analgesic, and antirheumatic. Rosemary has anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that are attributed to polyphenolic compounds like cineol, camphene, bornyl acetate, rosmarinic acid, and carnosic acid. A study has shown the anti-inflammatory properties of rosemary in an animal model. [4]

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[1] Han, X. and T.L. Parker, Anti-inflammatory activity of clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) essential oil in human dermal fibroblasts. Pharm Biol, 2017. 55(1): p. 1619-1622.

[2] Jacob, A., et al., Mechanism of the Anti-inflammatory Effect of Curcumin: PPAR-gamma Activation. PPAR Res, 2007. 2007: p. 89369.

[3] Chen, B.H., et al., Antiallergic potential on RBL-2H3 cells of some phenolic constituents of Zingiber officinale (ginger). J Nat Prod, 2009. 72(5): p. 950-3.

[4] Takaki, I., et al., Anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil in experimental animal models. J Med Food, 2008. 11(4): p. 741-6.

Amazing Healthy Anti-Inflammatory Juice (Easy To Make!)

Amazing Healthy Anti-Inflammatory Juice
Graphic ©

Try making this awesome juice recipe! Here are the health benefits, as reported by the scientific studies at the foot of the article in the references section:

Green Apples: Apples are a rich source of antioxidative polyphenolic compounds that can reduce inflammation. Human cells are continuously exposed to oxidative stress that causes cell damage and inflammation. A study has found green apples to inhibit the production of proinflammatory cytokine thus preventing inflammation-related disorders like skin-aging. [1]

Cucumbers: Flavonoids and phytochemicals compounds are found in high quantities in cucumbers. These compounds can reduce the inflammation process. A study that used an animal study model found the anti-inflammatory activity of cucumbers. [2] The anti-inflammatory compounds in cucumber reduce skin irritation.

Celery: Celery can reduce inflammation as celery has approximately 25 anti-inflammatory compounds. One study that investigated the anti-inflammatory activity of celery reported that celery has a high concentration of bioactive compounds such as apigenin, luteolin, and kaempferol that can reduce inflammation. [3]

Spinach: Spinach is often regarded as a functional food due to its diverse nutritional composition, which includes vitamins, minerals, phytochemicals, and bioactive compounds. A review of multiple studies has found that spinach-derived phytochemicals can reduce oxidative stress and inflammation, thus preventing cell damage. [4]

Lemon: The antioxidants found in lemons have powerful anti-inflammatory activity, thus can reduce swelling and help the body repair damaged tissues. A study reported that lemon has potential anti-inflammatory activity that is due to inhibition of pro-inflammatory mediators present in inflammatory exudate. [5]

Ginger: Ginger can reduce inflammation and can be used to treat inflammation-related health problems. Gingerol, shogaol, and other structurally-related substances in ginger inhibit the synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL_1, TNF- α, and IL-8. [6]

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101 Superfoods That Fight Joint Pain And Inflammation:


[1] Lee, E.-H., et al., Anti-inflammatory effect of Malus domestica cv. Green ball apple peel extract on Raw 264.7 macrophages. Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry, 2020. 63(2): p. 117-123.…/

[2] Agatemor, U.M.-M., O.F.C. Nwodo, and C.A. Anosike, Anti-inflammatory Activity of Cucumis sativus L. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International, 2015: p. 1-8.

[3] Shin, J.Y., et al., Anti-inflammatory effect of hydrolyzed celery leaves extract in murine primary splenocyte. J Food Biochem, 2019. 43(9): p. e12970.

[4] Roberts, J.L. and R. Moreau, Functional properties of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) phytochemicals and bioactives. Food Funct, 2016. 7(8): p. 3337-53.

[5] Amorim, J.L., et al., Anti-Inflammatory Properties and Chemical Characterization of the Essential Oils of Four Citrus Species. PLoS One, 2016. 11(4): p. e0153643.

[6] Mashhadi, N.S., et al., Anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of ginger in health and physical activity: review of current evidence. Int J Prev Med, 2013. 4(Suppl 1): p. S36-42.